by Amy Goodrich
Neanderthals are our closest extinct relatives. They left Africa some 200,000 years ago to venture into Eurasia long before humans did. It is believed that, for a while, Neanderthals and our early human ancestors lived alongside each other in Europe. While Neanderthals looked quite similar to us, they are often thought of as our dumber, more brute caveman relatives.
New research, however, has discovered that they may have been more intelligent than we think. While antibiotics and painkillers are often touted as the miracles of modern medicine, it appears that our early relatives were using them tens of thousands of years before we first discovered them. Continue reading
by Carey Wedler
Archaeologists in China recently discovered evidence indicating humans have been using cannabis as medicine and employing it in spiritual rituals for over 2,400 years.
According to “Ancient Cannabis Burial Shroud in a Central Eurasian Cemetery,” published in Economic Botany last month, “[a]n extraordinary cache of ancient, well-preserved Cannabis plant remains was recently discovered in a tomb in the Jiayi cemetery of Turpan, NW China.”
The researchers, led by Hongen Jiang, an archaeologist at the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, discovered 13 whole female cannabis plants buried in the tomb of a 35-year-old Caucasian man. The paper explains the cannabis plants “appear to have been locally produced and purposefully arranged and used as a burial shroud which was placed upon a male corpse.” Researchers suspect he might have been a shaman.
Radiocarbon dating indicates the tomb is between 2,400 and 2,800 years old.
National Geographic explained the discovery:
“The burial is one of 240 graves excavated at the Jiayi cemetery in Turpan, and is associated with the Subeixi culture (also known as the Gushi Kingdom) that occupied the area between roughly 3,000 to 2,000 years ago. At the time, Turpan’s desert oasis was an important stop on the Silk Road.”
Jiang, the paper’s lead author, explained the significance of their discovery:
“This is the first time archaeologists have recovered complete cannabis plants, as well as the first incidence of their use as a ‘shroud’ in a human burial.”
According to Jiang, as paraphrased by National Geographic:
“This discovery adds to a growing collection of archaeological evidence showing that cannabis consumption was ‘very popular’ across the Eurasian steppe thousands of years ago.”
The paper notes the researchers’ findings add to mounting evidence humans have long used cannabis:
“This unique discovery provides new insight into the ritualistic use of Cannabis in prehistoric Central Eurasia. Furthermore, the fragmented infructescences of Cannabis discovered in other tombs of the Jiayi cemetery, together with similar Cannabis remains recovered from coeval tombs in the ancient Turpan cemetery along with those found in the Altai Mountains region, reveal that Cannabis was used by the local Central Eurasian people for ritual and/or medicinal purposes in the first millennium before the Christian era.
In 2008, researchers discovered a 2,700-year-old grave stocked with “a large cache of cannabis” near the Turpan region. They believed the grave belonged to a Caucasoid shaman and suggested the Gushi people, who occupied that region at the time, “cultivated cannabis for pharmaceutical, psychoactive or divinatory purposes.”
Last year, archaeologists found golden bongs containing traces of cannabis and heroin during a grave excavation in the Caucasus Mountains of southern Russia. Their findings indicated a traveling nomad tribe called the Scythians had performed “drug-fuelled” rituals there.
Similarly, though cannabis can be used for its hemp fibers, which are employed to make clothing, furniture, and buildings, the researchers in the Turpan desert determined that was not the purpose of the cannabis they discovered in the grave excavation. They noted they did not discover any hemp textiles in Turpan and that seeds discovered in the burial were not large enough to serve as a food source.
As a result, National Geographic noted, “[t]he researchers suspect that this marijuana was grown and harvested for its psychoactive resin, which may have been inhaled as a sort of incense or consumed in a beverage for ritual or medicinal purposes.”
Though governments continue to demonize and violently prohibit cannabis (and other drugs, the findings published in Economic Botany — like many before them — prove the plant was part of the human experience long before authorities decided to ban it.
And just as they did 2,500 years ago, humans continue to use cannabis to enhance their spirituality and medicate themselves.
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This article (New Discovery Proves Humans Have Been Using Cannabis for at Least 2,400 Years) is free and open source.
What Is ylang ylang oil?
Ylang ylang oil is derived from the fresh flowers of the ylang ylang tree (Cananga Odorata), which is usually found in the rainforests of Asian and South Pacific islands like Indonesia, Philippines, Java, Sumatra, Comoro and Polynesia.
There are several grades of ylang ylang essential oil sold in the market, but ylang ylang extra oil is considered to be the best among other varieties. Because it is the product of the first extraction, ylang ylang extra oil has the highest amount of esters and the sweetest scent.
by Lance D Johnson
During a cardiac emergency, the sudden stoppage of blood flow puts severe stress on the rest of the body. During a cardiac arrest, valuable oxygen and nutrients are cut off. The real damage occurs when the person is revived and the blood flow returns. The quick influx of blood flow often causes injury to the ischemia region of the brain. This secondary damage is referred to as ischemia/reperfusion injury. The result is severe oxidation damage that can trigger neurons to die off.
Chinese researchers from the Fudan University in Shanghai have found a way to protect against this oxidative damage and prevent the neurons from dying off. For the first time, researchers have shown that cannabidiol (CBDs) can protect against brain ischemia/reperfusion injury. Cannabidiol is one of the many cannabinoids found in the controversial cannabis sativa plant. An extract of cannabis contains at least 40 percent cannabidiol. This active ingredient may soon be used as an extract in hospital emergency rooms to prevent brain damage following heart attack or stroke.
By Dr Mercola
You’re probably familiar with clove, an aromatic spice that is commonly used in Indian and Chinese culture as seasoning and for medicinal purposes. Cloves, also known as clove buds, gained popularity all over the world, especially in the western hemisphere, during the 7th century because of their health benefits.
Like other spices, cloves can also be used to make an essential oil. While it is not as popular as other plant oils, I believe there are numerous reasons why you should consider having clove bud oil at home. Continue reading
A centuries-old herbal medicine, discovered by Chinese scientists and used to effectively treat malaria, has been found to potentially aid in the treatment of tuberculosis and may slow the evolution of drug resistance.
In a promising study led by Robert Abramovitch, a Michigan State University microbiologist and TB expert, the ancient remedy artemisinin stopped the ability of TB-causing bacteria, known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, to become dormant. This stage of the disease often makes the use of antibiotics ineffective.
By Twain Yobra
Researchers are now recognizing the effectiveness of essential oils at fighting and preventing cancer. Studies have been conducted on different essential oils to determine whether these oils fight cancer.
These oils have shown promising results, but essential oils won’t help you if they aren’t therapeutic grade. Most essential oils out there are poor quality. Make sure you buy your oils from a trusted seller.
As the dark days of winter stretch out ahead of us, you may be feeling the icy grip of Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). SAD, a depression caused by the reduced sunlight during winter, can make you feel groggy, unfocused, and irritable.
It’s common for Americans to experience such winter blues; around 4-6 per cent of people suffer from winter depression, and another 10-20 per cent experience mild symptoms of SAD. And SAD isn’t just about disliking cold weather; for many people, it has negative effects on their professional and personal lives, making it hard to form bonds with others or be productive.
By Vicki Batts
While the United Kingdom has recently made a tremendous leap forward by acknowledging the unparalleled medicinal benefits of CBD oil, the good old United States continues to lag behind at an embarrassingly slow, essentially backwards pace.
Prior to the UK unveiling its decision to reclassify CBD oil as a medicine, the Drug Enforcement Agency in the US recently declared that the substance was equivalent to heroin by placing it in the same, heavily restricted class — Schedule I. Continue reading
By Andrew Porterfield
The 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, shared by Chinese scientist Youyou Tu for her development of an effective antimalarial treatment derived from the wormwood plant Artemisia annual, put the ancient practice of Chinese medicine under a spotlight. It showed the positive side of combining more recent scientific methods with traditional medicine. Continue reading
By Annie Dieu-Le-Veut
We have to take especial care of ourselves during the cold months because the body needs a little extra help then to tick over properly. It’s no coincidence that more people die during this season of death, in Nature, before the rebirth of the Spring.
As we get older, the body needs more help in staying well, and this is mainly achieved by strengthening the immune system with the alchemical magic of miracle superfoods. So here are my three main superfoods that I rely on to keep me in good fettle. Continue reading
More than 10 percent of the world’s population currently suffers from some form of liver disease, whether it be fibrosis, cirrhosis, a hepatocellular carcinoma, alcoholic steatosis, or chronic hepatitis. And a great number of these folks use some kind of natural remedy as treatment rather than pharmaceuticals, according to a 2012 study published in the European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry.
Herbal remedies have gained an incredible following among liver disease sufferers, because they’re safe and highly effective, without all the harmful side effects. According to the paper, the following herbs and herb-derived remedies are among the top contenders in this natural fight against liver disease: Continue reading